This virus is a mosquito born disease that can inflict serious birth defects. It is in the relation with the dengue fever. The virus is known as Zika, Zika fever or Zika disease. This infection is related to babies being born with underdeveloped brains. The World Health Organization says that the Zika virus is implemented among the Americans and up to 4 million people might be infected by it. Read here about the virus!!!!

Here is what you need to know!!!!

What is Zika actually?

This disease spreads by mosquito bites. These mosquitoes spread the virus the same way as they spread the chikungunya and dengue. The mosquitoes are only transmitters when feeding from infected people. The yellow fever mosquito and the Asian tiger mosquito are the ones that spread the virus.

The signs and symptoms of the Zika virus

The signs and symptoms may be frequently mild up to 2 to 7 days. The Zika virus has the same symptoms like chikungunya and dengue. They include:

  • Skin rash
  • mild fever
  • conjunctivitis
  • headaches
  • aches and pains

The transmission of the virus:

  1. By mosquito bytes

The transmission is brought by bites from an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus from the tropical region. The mosquito is the same as the one transmitting the dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya.

  1. Rarely from a mother to the baby

If the mother close to the delivery date is infected by the Zika virus can pass the virus to the baby. But this is very uncommon.

  1. Through sexual contact or infected blood transfusion

The diagnose can be achieved by Plymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and virus isolation from the blood.

Zika begins in Africa in the 1950s but it moved towards the South American countries. The countries that are most affected by the Zika virus are Brazil, Bolivia, Barbados, Colombia, Cape Verde, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti, Mexico, Martinique, Paraguay, Panama, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Saint Martin, Suriname, the US Virgin Islands and Venezuela.


The breeding sites of the mosquitoes are a risk factor for the ZIka virus infection.

You can protect yourself by wearing clothes covering most of your body, using physical barriers such as screens, sleeping under mosquito nets can help as well.

You can also place empty clean containers with water such as flowerpots, tires, buckets that will prevent the breeding of the mosquitoes.


The affected people should get a lot of rest, drink plenty adequate fluids and use medicines to cure the pain and the fever.

If pregnant – Be careful!

The Zika virus can cause birth defects transmitted from the mother to the fetus. This is rare but it can happen.

The babies can be recognized with Microcephaly and the women infected by the virus during pregnancy can have fetal losses. Usually if the Zika virus is transmitted from the mother to the baby it happens during the delivery period.

Microcephaly is a birth defect affecting the infant`s head making it smaller than normal. Usually the brains are smaller and haven’t developed properly.